Blood pressure during pregnancy

How To Deal With Hypertension In Pregnancy

How To Deal With Hypertension In Pregnancy
Blood pressure during pregnancy

How To Deal With Hypertension In Pregnancy

 

From morning sickness, fatigue to even gestational diabetes, for some women, pregnancy may be a little more difficult than others. Hypertension during pregnancy is a very common phenomenon. Whether you had high blood pressure before pregnancy or not, your blood pressure may rise in the final few weeks of pregnancy affecting you and your baby. This usually happens because the progesterone hormone relaxes the walls of your blood vessels resulting in a fall in blood pressure in the first and second trimester. It starts to rise again during mid-pregnancy which might lead to high BP in the final trimester. However, it can be controlled.

Your doctor will make sure to check your BP at every appointment. Your BP should be checked once every month in early pregnancy and once every week in the final few weeks. If your BP is high, your doctor will ask you to rest and come back. The doctor will check your BP again and if it’s still high, he/she will prescribe necessary medication to bring it under control. The doctor might even prescribe some urine and blood tests to check if it’s affecting your kidney and liver.

There are 3 levels of high blood pressure. If your blood pressure is 140-149 at its highest and 90-99 at its lowest then you have mild hypertension. If it’s 150-159 at its highest and 100-109 at its lowest, you have moderate hypertension. If your blood pressure is above 160 at its highest and over 110 at its lowest, you have severe hypertension. In most cases, your doctor will prescribe medication to help bring the levels down to normal; however, in cases of severe hypertension, you will have to be admitted to the hospital.

To see if your hypertension is severely affecting the baby, the doctor will either use a colour doppler sonography or a heart beat recording called a non-stress test (NST). The first thing to do after being diagnosed with hypertension is to take medication to bring it back to normal. These medicines are usually safe to use during pregnancy and help in controlling blood pressure. There are natural ways which can also help lower your blood pressure during pregnancy.

Since hypertension is also caused due to rise in stress levels. Regular exercise, eating fibre-rich foods like fresh fruits and sprouts usually helps. Eating potassium-rich foods like bananas can also help bring down blood pressure. Controlled breathing exercises and yoga can help you stay relaxed which will further result in lowering your blood pressure. Even though these natural tips have proven to be useful, medication is also necessary to bring down blood pressure. If you’re on medication, you will have to monitor your blood pressure regularly to check for abnormalities.

Although your blood pressure can be controlled with a few lifestyle changes and medication, there is no cure for it. It will automatically come down after delivery. Sometimes, doctors may even recommend delivery before the due date to avoid unnecessary complications. If you’re experiencing gestational diabetes, make sure you’re checking your blood pressure, taking medication regularly and taking care of yourself for you and your baby’s well-being. 

 

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