Early pregnancy bleeding

Reasons For Early Pregnancy Bleeding & How To Deal With Them

Reasons For Early Pregnancy Bleeding & How To Deal With Them
Early pregnancy bleeding

Reasons For Early Pregnancy Bleeding & How To Deal With Them


Pregnancy is a beautiful experience for most women. Unfortunately, it’s not always smooth sailing. Some women experience bleeding during early pregnancy and panic. But in most cases, the blood that is lost is from the mother’s body, not the baby’s. Vaginal bleeding during early pregnancy can be caused due to various factors. The first step to solving the problem is figuring out what’s causing it. If you experience bleeding during pregnancy, make sure you visit your doctor right away.  

The doctor will examine you and ask you to do a sonography to see how the foetus is doing.  To be sure, the doctor might also conduct a clinical evaluation along with an ultrasound test and some blood tests before reaching a conclusion.

Here are some reasons why you might be experiencing bleeding during early pregnancy.

1.        Threatened Abortion

If you experience vaginal bleeding around 20 weeks into the pregnancy along with stomach cramps, a miscarriage might be possible. However, this is only a slight possibility. 20%-30% of women experience vaginal bleeding around this time and more than 50% of them end up having a normal pregnancy.

2.       Ectopic Pregnancy

In a normal pregnancy, the fertilised egg attaches itself to the wall of the uterus and starts to grow. However, an ectopic pregnancy is when the fertilised egg implants in the fallopian tube or inside the abdomen. This is a very rare and dangerous condition and requires immediate attention. Light vaginal bleeding and pelvic pain are symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy coupled with nausea, dizziness, weakness and abdominal cramps. The fertilised egg might cause your fallopian tube to rupture. Call your doctor immediately if you notice any symptoms.

Depending on your condition your doctor might suggest either medication or surgery to remove the egg. If your fallopian tube is intact and you’re not too far into the pregnancy, your doctor might prescribe medication to stop the cells from growing. In cases where the fallopian tube is ruptured, an emergency surgery will be required to remove the egg and the fallopian tube.

In most cases women can have a normal pregnancy after an ectopic pregnancy. However, if your fallopian tube was removed, you might need to speak to a fertility specialist.  


3.       Molar Pregnancy

In a healthy pregnancy, the placenta grows inside the uterus and nourishes the baby through the umbilical cord. In a molar pregnancy, an abnormal mass or tumour is formed in the uterus instead of a placenta. Bleeding, brownish discharge, passing of sacs (clusters of blood), nausea, vomiting and pressure on the pelvic are some of the symptoms of a molar pregnancy. If you’re experiencing any of these, visit your doctor immediately.

Your doctor will use dilation and curettage, a surgical method to remove the dead cells from your uterus. However, there’s no cause of worry because you can get pregnant again after.

4.      Miscarriage

If the bleeding progresses from light to heavy and is bright red in colour, it is possible that you’re having a miscarriage. Severe cramps, abdominal pain, fever, back pain and weakness are some other symptoms of a miscarriage. If you notice any of these, get in touch with your doctor immediately.

A miscarriage is an unpleasant experience but there’s no cause of worry. Just let your body heal and try again when you’re ready. It is observed that women who conceive shortly after a miscarriage end up having a successful pregnancy.


In any case, call your doctor if you experience abnormal bleeding and take care of yourself. 


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